Keeping Score

Mind Games: Is Nadal Ready for the Open?

The former top tennis (and current No. 2) player in the world looks vulnerable, and his new book shows it wouldn't be the first time. Rafael Nadal spoke with TIME about his ups, downs and this year's U.S. Open

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Glyn Kirk / AFP / Getty Images

Spain's Rafael Nadal returns the ball to Serbian player Novak Djokovic during the men's single final at Wimbledon in London on July 3, 2011

If there’s any year it would seem reasonable to bet against a defending U.S. Open tennis champion, this might be the one. Rafael Nadal, the world’s second-ranked player, is entering this year’s U.S. Open, which begins on Monday, with a 2011 record that’s a dream for most pros. Nadal is 53-10 for the season, which is good for a .841 winning percentage.

But as impressive as that sounds, it’s actually a bit underwhelming for a 10-time Grand Slam champion. In fact, Nadal’s current 84% match-victory rate is his lowest since 2004, the year before he won his first Grand Slam title and began to threaten Roger Federer’s mid-decade dominance. He has won only three tournaments this year — including the French Open, his sixth, which ties him with Bjorn Borg for the most French Open championships. That’s his lowest number of tournament titles in, again, seven years.

(See photos of Nadal’s time on and off the court.)

Nadal took an extended break after his four-set loss to Novak Djokovic in this year’s Wimbledon final, a match that Djokovic controlled. Since returning earlier this month, Nadal has underperformed at the two major U.S. Open tune-up tournaments. In Montreal, Nadal lost in the second round to Ivan Dodig of Croatia, then ranked 41st in the world. In Cincinnati last week, he fell to Mardy Fish in the quarterfinal.

“I believe right now, the last few losses might be getting to him a bit,” says Nick Bollettieri, who runs the famous Florida tennis academy that produced stars such as Andre Agassi, Jim Courier and the Williams sisters. “That loss at Wimbledon, now the last couple of losses — when you’re one of the greatest warriors in the history of the sport, and you start getting beat, what you have to watch for is self-doubt. I believe that right now, that could be an issue. I don’t think it’s his game, I really don’t. The players are getting to him. That’s a new experience for him.”

When I asked Nadal this week if Bollettieri’s words rang true, he didn’t snarl, like he does on the court. But he didn’t smile, either. “I didn’t lose because of doubt,” Nadal says in English (the Spaniard’s English can be stilted at times but continues to improve). He had just spoken at a New York City promotional event for Bacardi (Nadal is the new spokesperson for the company’s “Champions Drink Responsibly” campaign. “Not every serve has to be hard,” goes one tagline).

(Read TIME’s 10 questions with Nadal.)

“I lost because I didn’t play well,” he says. Nadal points out that an achy left foot slowed him at Wimbledon and hindered his preparation for the North American tournaments. “That injury lasted more than a month,” says Nadal. “I didn’t practice enough in the summer. I only practiced three or four days before Montreal. So it’s tough. I need more competition, I need more matches.”

He called the loss to Dodig “unlucky,” and he mentioned two things about the Cincinnati tournament: he burned his fingers on a hot plate at a Japanese steak house, requiring him to wear a bandage. And Nadal, who is strongest on clay, the slowest surface, never plays well in Cincinnati, home to one of the fastest courts on the tour. (Indeed, Nadal has never made it to a Cincinnati final and has even lost in the first round twice).

(Read how Nadal showed promise as a young tennis competitor.)

We’ll soon find out if Nadal’s making excuses. What’s now indisputable, however, is that Nadal’s mind is not unbreakable. Tennis experts have long ascribed Nadal’s 17-8 career record against Federer’s to his superior mental toughness — an impressive feat considering Federer’s own legendary resolve and self-discipline. Yet it turns out that Nadal’s also a bit of a tortured soul. As he spells out in his newly released book, Rafa (written with journalist John Carlin), Nadal was diagnosed with a rare congenital foot condition at the end of 2005. A bone in his foot, called the tarsal scaphoid, started to deform, causing intense pain. A doctor told him he might never play again. His father even brought up the possibility of pursuing a golf career. “How stupid does that sound?” says Nadal during our interview, laughing about that suggestion now. “I cannot be a golf pro when I start playing when I’m 19 years old.”

After the doctor’s prognosis, Nadal took a dark turn. In the book, he writes that he “sunk into the deepest, blackest hole of my life.” He felt “misery day and night,” and while resting his foot, he’d “lie for hours on end on the sofa staring into space, or sit in the bathroom, or on the stairs, weeping. I didn’t laugh, I didn’t smile, I didn’t want to talk. I lost all appetite for life.” Thankfully, a specialist designed a custom-made shoe for Nadal that cushions the problematic bone. His career still skyrocketed, though the pain does persist, and his team continues to tweak his shoes. “It’s a work in progress,” he writes. “We still haven’t got it absolutely right.”

(See the top 10 tennis rivalries.)

Nadal also had a rough 2009. He won the Australian Open, but he soon found out that his parents would be separating. The news sent him reeling again. “My attitude was bad,” Nadal writes. “I was depressed, lacking in enthusiasm.” He lost in the fourth round of the French Open, still his only defeat at Roland Garros. He pulled out of Wimbledon, giving up a chance to defend the title he so memorably won over Federer the year before (that 2008 Wimbledon final was the subject of its own book, Strokes of Genius: Federer, Nadal, and the Greatest Match Ever Played). “My knees were the immediate reason,” Nadal writes. “But I know the root cause was my state of mind.”

Once again Nadal found a way to recover. “The pain, the suffering is not forever,” Nadal tells TIME. “I saw my mom get better, my dad get better, my sister get better. I started to get better.” He won three straight Grand Slams in 2010 — the French Open, his second Wimbledon and his first U.S. Open. With the U.S. Open victory, he became just the seventh man to win all four Grand Slam titles in his career. At only 25, Nadal is still a prime candidate to top Federer’s record (of 16 and counting) for most career Grand Slam singles titles. “My motivation is not to improve upon the Grand Slams of Federer, because that’s almost impossible to do,” says Nadal. Contrast that outlook to that of Tiger Woods, who has vocalized his desire to break Jack Nicklaus’ record for most golf majors. Says Nadal: “So my goal is to enjoy every moment.”

(Read about Spain’s sporting supremacy.)

Nadal still seems genuinely bemused by all his success, and tennis fans should be smiling too. On the men’s side, the game has never been better. Djokovic, 57-2 on the year, is threatening John McEnroe’s record for highest single-season winning percentage — in 1984, Johnny Mac went 82-3, a .965 clip. “It’s probably impossible to repeat what he’s doing this year,” Nadal says of Djokovic. “All I can do is congratulate him.” Federer is still, well, Federer. He’s the only player to beat Djokovic in a full match this year, when he topped him at the French Open. (Andy Murray defeated Djokovic at the final of the Western & Southern Open on Aug. 21, but Djokovic retired in the second set with a sore shoulder, though Murray was up a set when the match ended. Going into the U.S. Open, Djokovic’s shoulder is clearly a concern.) Murray, the world’s No. 4, seems due for a Grand Slam title.

U.S. fans, mind you, might not feel like celebrating. No American has won a men’s Grand Slam title in eight years. Andy Roddick’s time has probably passed, and although Fish is improving, a U.S. Open win for him would be a shock. (The women’s side is a real disaster. Serena Williams is the highest-seeded American player, at 28th.) But why should American failures mean less tournament buzz and lower ratings? Are we still that parochial in an ever connected world? “We’re very fortunate in tennis right now,” says Darren Cahill, an ESPN analyst and former coach. “These guys have taken the men’s game to a level I don’t think we’ve seen before.”

And despite his recent struggles, Nadal could easily surprise the naysayers at this year’s U.S. Open. “All my life, I’ve done it my way,” Nadal says. “It doesn’t matter what the rest of the people say — if Novak is the favorite, if Federer is the favorite. It doesn’t make a difference to me. If I’m going to lose, I’m going to accept loss in the same calm way that I accept the victory. Same thing if I win. That’s all.”

Read about whether U.S. tennis can make a comeback.